npm react-router 6.0.0-beta.4

Last week we released a lot of nice little bug features, but we did get a little carried away and let a little bug slip through with relative path resolution. Our bad! That nasty lil' guy is squashed in this week's beta. πŸ›

And there's more! Let's dive in…

πŸ› Bugfixes

  • Path resolution for nested relative routes was broken in the last release and should now be fixed. Nested routes construct their pathname based on the location of their parent, not the current location. This is explained in detail under Relative Routes and Links in our advanced guides, and the issue itself in #8004

✨ Enhancements

  • We made some enhancements with the Params type which is now generic, so you can add your own types if you know what to expect from functions that return query parameters. (#8019)
// before
let { valid, invalid } = useParams(); // No problems here!

let match = useMatch("profile/:userId");
let userId = match?.params.user; // wrong param, but TS doesn't know that!

// after:
let { valid, invalid } = useParams<"valid" | "key">(); // Property 'invalid' does not exist on type 'Params<"valid" | "key">'

let match = useMatch<"userId">("profile/:userId");
let userId = match?.params.user; // Property 'user' does not exist on type 'Params<"userId">'
  • Absolute nested path support

There was quite a bit of discussion in #7335 from people who are using constants to define their route paths. In this style, paths are often written as absolute paths from the root / URL. These constants are then able to be used both in <Route path> definitions as well as <Link to> values. It usually looks something like this:

const USERS_PATH = "/users";

function UsersRoutes() {
  return (
      <Route path={USERS_PATH} element={<UsersLayout />}>
        <Route path={USERS_INDEX_PATH} element={<UsersIndex />} />
        <Route path={USER_PROFILE_PATH} element={<UserProfile />} />

This style of use is now fully supported in v6. This is great for people who write their apps like this, but it technically could cause some breakage if you were using absolute paths (that start with /) in nested routes in previous betas. To fix this, simply remove the / from the beginning of any route paths that are meant to be relative. React Router will throw an error if you are using absolute paths that don't match their parent route paths. Hopefully this should help you find them if you are upgrading.

If you were using <Route path="/"> to indicate an index route, you can now use the new <Route index> prop to accomplish the same thing. The index prop makes it easy to scan a route config to find the index route. It also provides a guarantee that nobody will ever add children to that route.

Here's the same route config as the one above, but rewritten with relative paths and the index prop:

function UsersRoutes() {
  return (
      <Route path="users" element={<UsersLayout />}>
        <Route index element={<UsersIndex />} />
        <Route path=":id" element={<UserProfile />} />

A lot of our work on React Router is about doing the least surprising thing for our users. Allowing absolute paths in nested routes gets us a little closer to that goal!

πŸ’” Breaking Changes

  • Removed the ability for nested route paths to begin with a / and not contain the complete path of their parent routes. This was necessary in order to introduce support for absolute paths in nested routes, described in detail above

  • Removed the createRoutesFromArray utility function. You can now pass your routes directly to useRoutes or matchRoutes without passing it through createRoutesFromArray first

  • Removed the PartialRouteObject type. If you were importing and using this type before, use RouteObject instead, which has been updated to make all properties optional

  • The useRoutes API has changed slightly. Instead of passing a basename as the second argument, you should instead pass it as a named property in an object:

// Before
useRoutes([...routes], basename);

// After
useRoutes([...routes], { basename });
  • The matchPath function now returns match.pattern instead of match.path, which is a little more descriptive about what it actually is

πŸ’» Installing

Development for v6 is chugging along on the dev branch.

If you'd like to test it out, install from npm:

$ npm install history react-router-dom@next
13 days ago