github sshnet/SSH.NET 2016.1.0



The NuGet Package Manager in Visual Studio 2012 does not support packages in which a given dependency is defined for more than one TFM. Since a fix for this issue is not expected any time soon, we're reviving support for a binary distribution.

This plain .zip file contains the SSH.NET assembly, and where applicable any dependencies, for all supported target frameworks.

For Visual Studio 2015 and higher, the SSH.NET NuGet package remains our primary distribution mechanism.


  • Increase initial window size for SSH channels from 2 MB to 2147483647 (2^31 - 1) bytes. This results in less protocol overhead when receiving data from a SSH server.
  • Data of an SSH_MSG_IGNORE server request is now ignored when the specified length is greater than the actual available bytes (issue #41).
  • Reduce overhead when invoking both Disconnect() and Dispose().
  • Improve performance of SSH message processing by eliminating use of dynamic dispatching.


A RemotePathTransformation property has been added to ScpClient that can be used to change if and how a remote path is transformed before it is passed to the scp command on the remote server.

SSH.NET comes with the following path transformations that are exposed through the RemotePathTransformation class (in Renci.SshNet):

  • DoubleQuote
    Encloses a path in double quotes, and escapes any embedded double quote with a backslash.
    This is the default, as it works fine with most SCP servers.

  • ShellQuote
    Quotes a path in a way to be suitable to be used with a shell-based SCP server.
    This is the preferred mechanism for shell-based SCP servers, which typically means all Unix-like systems.

  • None
    Performs no transformation to the path.
    This is the recommended transformation when the remote host does not require any quoting to preserve the literal value of metacharacters, or when remote paths are guaranteed not to contain such characters.

When none of the built-in transformations match the specific requirements of a remote host, a custom transformation can be supplied.

More information on this change is available here.

Fixes issues #256 and #108.


Download a file using SCP, and apply shell quoting to the remote path:

  using Renci.SshNet;

  public class Program
    static void Main()
        using (var client = new ScpClient("HOST", 22, "USER", "PWD"))
            client.RemotePathTransformation = RemotePathTransformation.ShellQuote;

            using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                client.Download("/home/sshnet/file 123", ms);

Since we've configured ScpClient to use the ShellQuote transformation, the /home/sshnet/file 123 path
will automatically be enclosed in single quotes.

The actual path that is passed to the scp command on the remote host is therefore '/home/sshnet/file 123'.


  • When the read buffer is empty, SftpFileStream.Read(byte[], int, int) only writes those bytes to the buffer that go beyond the number of bytes requested by the caller.
  • Reduced memory allocations in SftpFileStream by lazily allocating read and write buffer.
  • Improved compatibility of SftpFileStream.SetLength(long value) with System.IO.FileStream (PR #272):
    • Flush buffers before changing the length of stream.
    • Move the current position to the last byte of the stream if the current position is greater than the new length.
  • Eliminated extra read from server in SftpFileStream to determine EOF.
  • Greatly improved performance of SftpClient.(Begin)DownloadFile(...) by asynchronously reading ahead chunks (issue #145 and #100).


  • A ForwardedPortDynamic now supports domain name addresses for SOCKS5 requests (issue #98).

Breaking changes


The Upload(FileInfo fileInfo, String path) method in ScpClient now expects path to be the remote path of the file to which you want to upload, and throws a ScpException if a directory exists on the remote host for that path (issue #286).

Up until now, uploading a file with a given (remote) path could lead a different result depending on whether a directory for that path exits on the remote host.


  using (var client = new ScpClient("host", "user", "pwd"))

      client.Upload(new FileInfo(@"c:\temp\newlog.txt", "/home/sshnet/log");

As of version 2016.1.0-beta 3 a ScpException will be thrown when /home/sshnet/log exists as a directory on the remote host.

In previous versions of SSH.NET this code would actually upload the content of the c:\temp\newlog.txt file to /home/sshnet/log/newlog.txt.

When /home/sshnet/log exists on the remote host as a file or does not exist at all, the content of the c:\temp\newlog.txt file will be uploaded to /home/sshnet/log. This has not changed.


  • The IsAsync property was removed from SftpFileStream. Previously this property always returned false.
  • The read and write position in SftpFileStream are no longer tracked separately. Reading from or seeking in the SftpFileStream will now also affect the position at which a subsequent write is performed, and vice versa (issue #253).

For example, the following code snippet will now write "123456" to the console:

    var buffer = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("123456");

    using (var client = new SftpClient("host", "user", "pwd"))

        using (var ws = client.OpenWrite(path))
            ws.Write(buffer, 0, 3);

        using (var ws = client.OpenWrite(path))
            ws.Seek(3, SeekOrigin.Begin);
            ws.Write(buffer, 3, 3);

        Console.WriteLine(client.ReadAllText(path, Encoding.UTF8));
  • To improve compatibility of SftpFileStream with System.IO.FileStream, Append mode is now only allowed when combined with write-only access (issue #267). This only affects SftpClient.Open(string path, FileMode mode, FileAccess access).

The following code snippet will now throw an ArgumentException:

    using (var client = new SftpClient("host", "user", "pwd"))

        using (var fs = client.Open("/home/user/file.log", FileMode.Append, FileShare.Read))

System.ArgumentException: Append mode can be requested only when combined with write-only access.

  • To improve compatibility of SftpClient with System.IO.File, the following methods now use UTF-8 encoding without a Byte-Order Mark (BOM):
    • void AppendAllLines(string path, IEnumerable<string> contents)
    • void AppendAllText(string path, string contents)
    • StreamWriter AppendText(string path)
    • StreamWriter CreateText(string path)
    • void WriteAllLines(string path, IEnumerable<string> contents)
    • void WriteAllLines(string path, string[] contents)
    • void WriteAllText(string path, string contents)



  • Servers that do not implement RFC 4252 correctly may lead to stack overflow (issue #306).

Section 5.1 of the aforementioned RFC states the following on SSH_MSG_USERAUTH_FAILURE response:

The value of 'partial success' MUST be TRUE if the authentication request to which this is a response was successful. It MUST be FALSE if the request was not successfully processed.

Some SSH servers set 'partial success' to TRUE even if the authentication request was not processed successfully, and do not update the name-list to remove the method name that failed.

SSH.NET has now been updated only attempt authentication 5 times for a method that was considered partially successful.

If this limit is reached for a given method name, and no other authentication method is available, a SshAuthenticationException with message "Reached authentication attempt limit for method (<method name>)" will be thrown.

  • Key exchange is slow when size of group is more than 1024 bit (issue #304 and #130).

As part of the key exchange, SSH.NET sends a SSH_MSG_KEY_DH_GEX_REQUEST with a 1024 bit minimum and preferred group size, and 8192 bit maximum group size.

Before this fix, we would generate a private exponent that matches the size of the safe prime generated by the server. In some cases this meant using a 8192 bit private component to generate the client exchange value, which is a CPU intensive operation.

As from this fix, we generate a private exponent that is twice the hash size with a minimum of 1024 bit.

  • ConnectSocks5() throws a ProxyException with a wrong message (issue #167).
  • Comments in ProxyException.cs are not relevant (issue #163).
  • SSH exception after client connect using .NET 3.5 version (issue #113).
  • Handle leak when connection to SSH server fails (issue #55).
  • Race condition when both server and client close channel (issue #84).
  • Suppressing a not-connected exception on socket shutdown (issue #86).
  • Race condition when both server and client disconnect (issue #80).
  • Do not consume request-specific data for SSH_MSG_GLOBAL_REQUEST (issue #58).
  • SocketAsyncEventArgs leak establishing socket connection (issue #133 and #87).


  • Upload(Stream source, String path) does not support uploading a file to the home directory using a relative path (issue #280).

The following code will now just work:

  using (var client = new ScpClient("host", "user", "pwd"))

      using (var fs = File.OpenRead(@"c:\file.log"))
          client.Upload(fs, "file.log");
  • Upload(Stream source, String path) does not throw an exception when parent directory does not exist (issue #289).
  • ScpClient does not support non-ASCII characters in downloaded file names or error message (issue #281).


  • DowloadFile(String path, Stream output, Action<UInt64>) does not perform well on Sun SSH (issue #292).
  • SftpFileStream allows invalid combinations of FileMode and FileAccess (issue #191).
  • SftpFileStream.ReadByte() throws ArgumentException when no data is available in read buffer (issue #173).
  • SftpFileStream also sends SSH_FXP_FSTAT upon initialization when mode is not Append (issue #154).
  • In Append mode, SftpFileStream throws a SftpPathNotFoundException when the specified file does not exist (issue #266).
  • Uploads with a buffer size that is less than or greather than 32 Kb would corrupt (issue #70).


  • ShellStream.Write(byte[] buffer, Int32 offset, Int32 count) skips a single byte when buffer is full (PR #211).
  • CreateShellStream overloads always use a 1024 byte buffer (issue #303)
  • Dispose() throws exception when SSH session gets disconnected unexpectedly (issue #96).
  • ForwardedPort.Stop() no longer throws ObjectDisposedException when the port is disposed.


  • ScpClient.Upload(DirectoryInfo, string) adds extra directory level¬†(issue #128).
  • ScpClient.Upload(DirectoryInfo, string) applies timestamp of parent directory (issue #129).

Release notes

These release notes include all changes since 2016.0.0. The individual release notes for the releases leading up to the 2016.1.0 release are available here: beta 1, beta 2, beta 3, beta 4.

There have been no changes since beta 4.

latest releases: 2020.0.1, 2020.0.0, 2020.0.0-beta1...
4 years ago