github VerusCoin/VerusCoin v1.0.3

latest releases: v1.0.5, v1.0.4
7 days ago




Mainnet: fixes:

  • Fixes an issue discovered that could have resulted in behavior different than what has been tested in an edge case when mainnet activates

Testnet fixes/improvements:

  • Forgives issues pre-1.0.2 on testnet that were blocking challenge resolution by lacking complete cryptographic proof for cross-chain notarization confirmation

What’s New

v1.0.3 has extended the API fundrawtransaction to allow Verus Mobile and other applications to easily construct transactions for DeFi conversions and cross-chain operations as well.

We expect at least one more non-mandatory release before the mainnet activation, Tuesday at block #2549420, which will add some pool merge mining improvements. Please make sure you update to v1.0.3 or greater before the activation block.

Additional Verus Capabilities

  • On-chain Launches of Token, Centralized Currency, and Liquidity Basket AMMs
  • On-chain Launches and Merge Mining of Independent, Connected, Interoperable Blockchains without Programming
  • On-chain Self Sovereign, Provable Identities, NFTs, and Individual or Organizational Profiles

Verus ID and NFT Marketplace

Buy and sell VerusIDs on-chain, advertising your offer directly to the owner of an ID or NFT, or posting the sale of your NFT on the worldwide blockchain for all the world to see. Execute transactions in a completely decentralized way. Pay or offer to pay from a transparent or zero-knowledge private address, still auditable by you. Accept payment to either as well, and best of all, execute your transactions directly, peer-to-peer without any intermediary necessary. Don’t worry the on-chain model still makes room for owners to select and share proceeds with value added agents, marketing organizations, or other participants in a new economy of provable digital ownership. It’s the next step in the evolution of VerusID, the most powerful self-sovereign identity and secure storage model for funds in the digital world.

Verus Vault

With Verus Vault you can now protect funds on a VerusID, even from theft of a private key! If you lock your VerusID with Vault you cannot spend funds from that identity at all until it is again unlocked. While locked, you can still stake those same funds on the Verus network and earn by doing so. Of course, you can also still receive funds.


A locked VerusID can always be revoked and recovered by its revocation and recovery authority identities, which circumvents the lock. At the same time, anyone with only the primary keys, even a multisig of primary keys must first unlock, then wait for the predetermined unlock time before they can spend or access funds. This gives you, or maybe a company that specializes in watching the blockchain to whom you've assigned the revocation ID to revoke and recover whenever an unauthorized unlock occurs. That means that like a bank, setting a 24 hour unlock delay on your locked IDs actually provides the first decentralized solution to the infamous 5 dollar wrench attack.

In addition to a new level of blockchain protection and decentralized funds recovery, Verus Vault provides the same security for your IDs and NFTs as well as time locks for other purposes, such as vesting schedules, trusts, and inheritance. With Verus Vault, you can now protect and recover your funds, preserving all your assets and generational blockchain wealth from common forms of crypto loss or theft, no bank required.

New Verus Multicurrency, Multichain, DeFi Enabled Testnet

With an easy GUI for basic operations or command line for more advanced functions. Without any programming, you can now create new identities, currencies, liquidity pools, and blockchains for your business, your government, your projects, a worthy cause, your family, or your next decentralized application suite. Send currencies worldwide on the same chain, or across blockchains with ease. Even convert currencies to others on the network without an exchange by sending to yourself and converting along the way.

The new Verus testnet is a full-featured, intrinsically decentralized multi-chain blockchain platform with an unlimited number of identities, currencies, liquidity pools, and blockchains. It is accessible from the released versions of Verus Desktop and Verus CLI wallets, and it is the beginning of a new age in crypto. There are so many things you can do with Verus that you cannot with any other cryptocurrency platform, and you can try them all today.

As Verus PBaaS offers completely new capabilities that go beyond today’s decentralized platforms in many fundamental ways, the worldwide Verus community put its energy into creation, rather than convincing everyone that its capabilities are possible. Members across the Verus worldwide community have worked hard to make this all possible, and we are more than excited that you can now experience it firsthand. If you have an interest in the future of crypto, you owe it to yourself to learn about Verus, an unlimited scale, decentralized future with truth and privacy for all.

The Verus testnet, available in the Verus Desktop or cli wallets as the VRSCTEST coin, has the following capabilities, which to our knowledge are unique in crypto today.

Self sovereign, revocable, recoverable identities (currently on mainnet) VerusID

  • Enables permissionless registration of friendly name strong identities and funds addresses that are simultaneously fully self-sovereign, revocable, and recoverable.

Staking-capable time locking and theft prevention (Verus Vault)

  • Enables identities to be locked, preventing any funds under their control from being spent while locked, but still allowing seamless staking of funds. When locked, a user specifies an unlock delay, typically long enough to notice when someone who might have compromised a user’s keys would have to unlock the ID before spending. The only way to circumvent the unlock delay is to revoke and recover an ID. Users may also choose to create and use fresh private keys when unlocking an ID as well. This enables virtually theft proof workflow and a solution to inheritance, trusts, vesting schedules, the 5$ wrench attack, and identity theft. IDs may be used as friendly name cryptocurrency addresses for all currencies on all Verus PBaaS blockchains in the Verus network. The VerusID protocol is a protocol, which can also be implemented on non-Verus systems.

Multi-currency, user created, decentralized tokens and merge-mineable, interoperable blockchains without programming

  • Enables any user with an ID to create their own token currency or even full fledged, multi-currency, ID-issuing 50% POW/50% POS, 51% hash attack resistant blockchain that can send and receive from the Verus chain which launched it. All PBaaS chains run from the same daemon, and projects may choose to join the worldwide Verus community in improving the daemon. In doing so, they will start with a complete, multi-currency, ID-capable blockchain with DeFi capabilities that is merge-mineable and stakeable with other blockchains in the Verus network.

Consensus integrated DeFi liquidity pools and fractional currency baskets

  • Any ID owner may define Verus DeFi fractional basket currencies with one or more asset currencies backing the liquidity pool at a fractional percentage ranging from 5% to 100% backing. The Verus DeFi protocol ensures that all currency conversions that use a particular liquidity pool and are mined into one block are solved and priced simultaneously, addressing the problems of miner extracted value (MEV) and front-running, while providing fee-based DeFi integrated incentives to miners and stakers, ensuring smooth consensus operation and fee conversion capabilities by integrating DeFi liquidity pools directly into the consensus and cross-chain bridge protocols.

Simultaneous blockchain and blockchain liquidity pool launches

  • Launch of a world class, worldwide, merge-mineable blockchain along with a fully decentralized or centralized “bridge” converter liquidity pool as part of defining a new blockchain. Bridge converter currencies have the same flexibility as other fractional 100% asset backed or partially asset backed currencies, but is bound to the launch of the new blockchain, runs on the new blockchain, and all fees generated via cross chain fee conversions or general use of the liquidity pool are earned on the new blockchain with no rent going back to the Verus blockchain, only seamless connectivity.

Blockchain-based, crowdfunding currency launches with minimum participation or automatic refunds, including for dual launches (blockchain and bridge)

  • Set required minimum levels of worldwide participation in your preferred currencies on chain. If by the start time of your blockchain, minimums are not met, all participants will automatically get a refund of all of their pre-conversions, less the network fees. The launch options also provide for maximum participation in one or more currencies, pre-launch discounts, price neutral pre-allocations to select IDs that increase the fractional reserve ratio to issue currencies, similarly price neutral carve-outs of proceeds, and pre-launch discounts for early participants. Using VerusIDs, launches can also include vesting schedules in the pre-allocations as well.

An interoperable, multichain network for new use cases and unlimited scale**

  • The Verus multi-currency, multi-chain network allows the creation of an unlimited number of interoperable blockchains in the Verus network. Notary IDs, specified at chain definition, provide decentralized blockchain-specific bridge confirmation, enabling public blockchains available to the world for merge mining and staking, as well as private, internal blockchains, which are easy to setup with easy bridging of public currencies into an organization and onto their internal private network and back, with all features and currencies of the public chain but none of the access. There is no limit on the number of blockchains that may continuously operate and interoperate on the Verus network. While there is some overhead for cross notarization, the model for the Verus blockchain network is fractal, enabling an unlimited number of simultaneously operating, interoperable blockchains.

Locking and Unlocking IDs

  • Time Lock:
    The unlockatblock parameter defines the unlock height of the identity.
verus -chain=VRSCTEST setidentitytimelock "id@" '{"unlockatblock": <Unlock block height>}'
  • Time Delay:
    The setunlockdelay parameter defines how many blocks to delay an ID's unlock when the flags are set back to an unlocked state.
verus -chain=VRSCTEST setidentitytimelock "id@" '{"setunlockdelay": <Unlock block delay>}'
  • Revoking an identity will clear its locked status, regardless of time delay or unlock height.
  • A locked identity cannot revoke itself.

Conversion Queries

The getcurrencyconverters API retrieves all currencies that have at least 1000 VRSC in reserve, are greater than 10% VRSC reserve ratio, and have all listed currencies as reserves

  • E.g. BTC ETH:
verus -chain=VRSCTEST getcurrencyconverters btc eth

Will return all currencies that have btc/eth markets at or above the liquidity threshold.

Sending and Converting Currency

Warning: All testnet coins/currencies have no value and will disappear whenever VRSCTEST is reset

The sendcurrency API can be used to send and convert funds.

  • Sending VRSCTEST from a single address (bob@) to a single recipient (alice@):
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "bob@" '[{"currency":"vrsctest","address":"alice@","amount":10}]'
  • Sending VRSCTEST from all private wallet funds to two recipients with friendly-name z-addresses (alice@:private and bob@:private):
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*Z" '[{"currency":"vrsctest","address":"alice@:private","amount":10},{"currency":"VRSCTEST","address":"bob@:private","amount":10}]'
  • Converting VRSCTEST to a fractional basket currency, VRSC-BTC using IDs as a funding source:
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*i" '[{"address":"bob@","amount":10, "convertto":"VRSC-BTC"}]'
  • Converting VRSCTEST to another reserve, BTC through a fractional currency, VRSC-BTC:
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"bob@","amount":10, "convertto":"BTC","via":"VRSC-BTC"}]'
  • Preconverting to new currency, NEWCOIN, before it is active:
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"alice@","amount":10, "convertto":"NEWCOIN", "preconvert":true, "refundto":"alice@"}]'
  • Sending VRSCTEST cross-chain to PBaaSChain:
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"RXLYm4J6qi7yam9zXtkEkRwbvCrnWKGZuv","amount":10, "exportto":"Bridge.PBaaSChain"}]'
  • Converting VRSCTEST cross-chain to PBaaSChain:
verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"RXLYm4J6qi7yam9zXtkEkRwbvCrnWKGZuv","amount":10, "convertto":"PBaaSChain","exportto":"Bridge.PBaaSChain","via":"Bridge.PBaaSChain"}]'
  • Converting PBaaSChain to VRSCTEST:
verus -chain=PBaaSChain sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"RXLYm4J6qi7yam9zXtkEkRwbvCrnWKGZuv","amount":10, "convertto":"VRSCTEST","exportto":"VRSCTEST","via":"Bridge.PBaaSChain"}]'

Defining a Currency

Currency Options

OPTION_FRACTIONAL = 1                  // allows reserve conversion using base calculations when set
OPTION_ID_ISSUANCE = 2                 // clear is permissionless, if set, IDs may only be created by controlling ID
OPTION_ID_STAKING = 4                  // all IDs on chain stake equally, rather than value-based staking
OPTION_ID_REFERRALS = 8                // if set, this chain supports referrals
OPTION_ID_REFERRALREQUIRED = 16        // if set, this chain requires referrals
OPTION_TOKEN = 32                      // if set, this is a token, not a native currency
OPTION_SINGLECURRENCY = 64             // for PBaaS chains or gateways to potentially restrict to single currency
OPTION_GATEWAY = 128                   // if set, this routes external currencies
OPTION_PBAAS = 256                     // this is a PBaaS chain definition
OPTION_GATEWAY_CONVERTER = 512         // this means that for a specific PBaaS gateway, this is the default converter and will publish prices
OPTION_GATEWAY_NAMECONTROLLER = 1024   // when not set on a gateway, top level ID and currency registration happen on launch chain 
OPTION_NFT_TOKEN = 2048                // single satoshi NFT token, tokenizes control over the root ID

To create a currency of a specific name, you need an ID of the same name. The controller of this ID is the only one who can create a currency of that name, and they can only do so once.
So, let's hypothetically assume I have 3 IDs, one named gold@, one named mycoin@, and one named mike@. I would like to have one currency, gold@,
that I somehow launch in a way that maps it in a way that can be widely trusted to a specific, auditable store of gold.
I also would like to launch a token called mycoin@, which is something like a Kickstarter, where a business, "my", offers to attribute the coins some utility or product value if the purchase exceeds a certain level.
First, I could define the currency "gold" as follows:

./verus -chain=VRSCTEST definecurrency '{"name":"gold","options":32,"currencies":["vrsctest"],"conversions":[0.01],"minpreconversion":[1000],"preallocations":[{"mike@":50000000.00000000}]}'

of course, since this is a test currency, I send myself some to start. The identity of the currency must be funded with at least 10 VRSCTEST before sending the transaction returned from this command to
initiate a currency launch that will start at 50 blocks from when it was made (default), and that must have 1000 VRSCTEST preconverted at 0.01 VRSCTEST per GOLD in order to launch.
all of this happens as part of the mining process, since mining the blocks that launch a currency earn the 0.025% conversion fees of participation
in the launch, converting VRSCTEST to GOLD. I could send the following command before the block where GOLD token launches.
After it launches, the only way at present to create new tokens is with a centralized issuance option. To convert VRSCTEST to GOLD, you could issue the command:

./verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"mike@","convertto":"gold","preconvert":1,"amount":100}]'

that would effectively park my conversion until the token launches, at which point, I will either find 0.975 GOLD in my wallet, or I will have my VRSCTEST back.
Assuming it launches, and I later want to create mycoin, which can be converted to with either GOLD or VRSCTEST, I can create mycoin with:

./verus -chain=VRSCTEST definecurrency '{"name":"mycoin","options":33, "proofprotocol":2,"currencies":["vrsctest", "gold"],"minpreconversion":[10000,5.1298]}, "initialsupply":20000'

In "mycoin", I set proofprotocol to 2, which is PROOF_CHAINID. That means that the controller of the chain ID can mint new coins as follows:

./verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "mycoin@" '[{"address":"mike@","currency":"mycoin","mintnew":1,"amount":10000}]'

Defining a PBaaS blockchain

  "name": "PBaaSChain",
  "options": 264,
  "currencies": [
  "conversions": [
  "eras": [
      "reward": 1200000000,
      "decay": 0,
      "halving": 0,
      "eraend": 0
  "notaries": [
  "minnotariesconfirm": 2,
  "nodes": [
      "networkaddress": "",
      "nodeidentity": "Node1@"
      "networkaddress": "",
      "nodeidentity": "Node2@"
  "gatewayconvertername": "Bridge",
  "gatewayconverterissuance": 1000000

The bridge definition has overridable defaults

  "currencies": [
  "initialcontributions": [
  "initialsupply": 3000000

Now pass those definitions to definecurrency

./verus -chain=vrsctest definecurrency '{"name":"PBaaSChain","options":264,"currencies":["VRSCTEST"],"conversions":[1],"eras":[{"reward":1200000000,"decay":0,"halving":0,"eraend":0}],"notaries":["Notary1@","Notary2@","Notary3@"],"minnotariesconfirm":2,"nodes":[{"networkaddress":"","nodeidentity":"Node1@"},{"networkaddress":"","nodeidentity":"Node2@"}],"gatewayconvertername":"Bridge","gatewayconverterissuance":1000000}' '{"currencies":["VRSCTEST","PBaaSChain","USD"],"initialcontributions":[371747.20398827,0,1000000],"initialsupply":3000000}'

Exporting an ID to a PBaaS chain

verus -chain=VRSCTEST sendcurrency "*" '[{"address":"IDNAME@","exportto":"PBaaSChainName","exportid":"true","amount":100,"currency":"vrsctest"}]'

Signing transactions from multi-signature IDs (testnet and mainnet)

Create transaction, get raw transaction data:

verus sendcurrency <multi-signature-ID>@ '[{"address":"<destination_address>","amount":<transaction_amount>}]'
verus z_getoperationstatus <operation_id_returned_by_sendcurrency>

Take the raw hex transaction data provided by z_getoperationstatus to each additional wallet(s) containing the additional signing addresses/IDs:

verus signrawtransaction <raw_hex_transaction>

After the last necessary signature is applied, broadcast on the network using:

verus sendrawtransaction <raw_hex_signed_transaction>

Tokenizing ID control (next generation NFT):

The currency definition have flags OPTION_NFT_TOKEN + OPTION_TOKEN, and a max supply of 1 satoshi that is either pre allocated or pre-converted to. If the token is pre-allocated, then the maximum pre-conversion must be 0.

verus -chain=vrsctest definecurrency '{"name":"ID","options":2080,"preallocations":[{"ControlTokenRecipient@":0.00000001}],"maxpreconversion":[0]}'

Creating an identity with a fractional currency as its parent

registernamecommitment now takes two more positional arguments to specify a currency parent and a funding address. Use quotes "" to leave fields blank, the example below specifies a parent currency, vrsc-btc , but no referrer. We're now able to use z_addresses to fund the name commitment and identity registration

# verus -chain=vrsctest registernamecommitment name controladdress referral parent sourceoffunds
verus -chain=vrsctest registernamecommitment subID RDnf7mH7RQki9b7PqdBD2Er6WXv3DTawGr "" vrsc-btc zs1s2mteau9tcalvk55cnepw3aq7dr6w7f447pqqkxczat3a02208d3ersx60wz9srw3nkd25ppfny

Specify the parent in the identity definition. Enter false for returntx to sign and submit the id registration, 0 for the feeoffer to use the default fee, and the funding identity, transparent address, or z-address

# verus -chain=vrsctest registeridentity '{ID registration with name commitment}' returntx feeoffer sourceoffunds

verus -chain=vrsctest registeridentity '{"txid": "67635331cbccb7a2cbf408a9e97b3f8986133964e0315a8b9fd237a5fd95ac8f","namereservation": { "version": 1,  "name": "ID",  "parent": "i84mndBk2Znydpgm9T9pTjVvBnHkhErzLt", "salt": "b7070f2ca7495e49c85ab41b5a368150e2c217be6d08cc4102a1b682cddb6f01", "referral": ""},"identity":{"primaryaddresses":["RDnf7mH7RQki9b7PqdBD2Er6WXv3DTawGr"],"minimumsignatures":1,"name":"ID","parent":"vrsc-btc@"}}' false 0 zs1s2mteau9tcalvk55cnepw3aq7dr6w7f447pqqkxczat3a02208d3ersx60wz9srw3nkd25ppfny

If a currency's ID issuance require permission from the currency's identity then it must sign the name commitment and identity registration. Either use the parent identity to fund those transactions, or receive a raw transaction to give the identity owner to sign by setting returntx to true

Limitations in multi-currency to be aware of:

  1. (GUI and CLI) You will not be able to make a currency from an ID that has a properly encoded i-address as its actual name, not its calculated ID. Generally, the advice is “don’t do that”. Using an i-address when referring to a currency will only be interpreted as referring to the currency or identity which has that i-address calculated based on its name registration. As a general rule, making an ID with an i-address as its name is not prevented by the protocol, but will cause problems whenever an i-address or name may be used (many cases) and will not be supported for creating currencies. To reduce any potential for user confusion, even though the naming system provides will also be expanding the set of characters that will not be allowed for currency registrations.

  2. (GUI) If a currency is supported in the Verus Desktop already, such as BTC or ETH, you will not be able to use those same named currencies as a PBaaS chain. This limitation is considered errata for this testnet release and will not be a limitation before mainnet availability.


This is experimental and unfinished software. Use at your own risk! No warranty for any kind of damage!
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The enclosed copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.



Avast and Kaspersky may flag the software as "not-a-virus" or "PUP". These are warnings that you are installing mining software, which may be installed by a third party to exploit your PC.
To find out more about the false positives, review the following resources:

Verifying Downloads

A txt file containing the signer, standard sha256 file checksum, and signature, is included for each download. These packages have been signed with the identity "Verus Coin Foundation Releases@".

  1. Extract downloaded archive
  2. Verify signature for the extracted archive using the extracted text file.
  3. Extract archive to desired directory

CLI examples

Verifying file directly

./verus verifyfile "Verus Coin Foundation Releases@" "AebXJgABQR877X9cSmsrmj3SE08+rgCb0pvwhp7JmSh+m0r2Swg9dhC4Yyra+GWBj0A0fcPH3o7OjvB6P/BMfDsvxFeQVO7e" "/Downloads/Verus-CLI-Linux-v1.0.3-x86_64/Verus-CLI-Linux-v1.0.3-x86_64.tar.gz"

Verifying using a checksum

./verus verifyhash "Verus Coin Foundation Releases@" "AebXJgABQR877X9cSmsrmj3SE08+rgCb0pvwhp7JmSh+m0r2Swg9dhC4Yyra+GWBj0A0fcPH3o7OjvB6P/BMfDsvxFeQVO7e" b5ddb0576ac4d1ce5d6cd3c53946b8ca89bdc4e76f680caa822b181d8660199f

The result will be true if the signature is valid.


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